Despite the increasing incidence of Prostate cancer, there has not been any focused screening policy or strategy
in sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria.
To assess the level of awareness and uptake of PSA screening test and their determinants in a Nigerian community.
A cross-sectional population survey of men with no prior history of prostate cancer was carried out. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the effect of identified variables in predicting awareness and uptake of prostate cancer
Mean age was 51.5±9.8 years; a few men (31, 16.9%) had ever heard of the screening test and most got the information
from health centers. A low proportion (8, 4.4%) had taken the screening test. Men with incomes above poverty line (OR = 11.7
2.8–50.1, p = .001) or those with health insurance (OR = 2.7 1.2–6.5, p = .023) were significantly more likely to be aware of the
test. Only the men with higher incomes (OR = 25.6 5.8–114.2, p = .0001) were significantly more likely to have taken the test.
Higher incomes and health insurance status impact screening awareness but only income status determines if men
subsequently proceed to take the PSA screening test.
Cite as: Bello JO, Buhari T, Mohammed TO, Olanipekun HB, Egbuniwe AM, Fasiku OK, et al. Determinants of prostate specific antigen
screening test uptake in an urban community in North-Central Nigeria. Afri Health Sci. 2019;19(1). 1665-1670. https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/