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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 19, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1795-1800
Bioline Code: hs19055
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1795-1800

 en Impact of oral contraceptives on periodontal health
Prachi, Sharma; Jitender, Solanki; Rahul, Choudhary; Jitendra, Khetan; Priyanka, Mishra & Disha, Shah


Background: Oral contraceptives pills (OCPs) are common and a convenient form of contraception. The use of hormonal contraceptives by women has been considered to influence gingival and periodontal disease progression.
Aim: This study was conducted to assess the effect of oral contraceptive pills on the periodontal health.
Materials and method: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 200 females aged 18 years and above of Jaipur city. The study subjects were divided into two groups i.e. contraceptive users and non-contraceptive users, each group consisted 100 females. Data was collected using Modified WHO Performa (1997). Periodontal status was examined using Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and Loss of Attachment (LOA). Chi-square test and one sample t-test was used for statistical analysis and P value was set (p< 0.05) as significant.
Results: Mean CPI score in subjects and non-contraceptive users was 2.34+ 0.81 and 1.16+ 0.89 respectively. Mean LOA score in each group was 0.28+ 0.45 and 0.19+ 0.50 respectively.
Conclusion: Oral Contraceptive pills had adverse effects on periodontal health.

Cite as: Prachi S, Jitender S, Rahul C, Jitendra K, Priyanka M, S D. Impact of oral contraceptives on periodontal health. Afri Health Sci. 2019;19(1). 1795-1800. https:// dx.doi. org/10.4314/ ahs. v19i1.56

Oral contraceptive; community periodontal index; loss of attachment; periodontal health.

© Copyright 2019 - Prachi et al.

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