Oral contraceptives pills (OCPs) are common and a convenient form of contraception. The use of hormonal
contraceptives by women has been considered to influence gingival and periodontal disease progression.
: This study was conducted to assess the effect of oral contraceptive pills on the periodontal health.
Materials and method:
A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 200 females aged 18 years and above of
Jaipur city. The study subjects were divided into two groups i.e. contraceptive users and non-contraceptive users, each group
consisted 100 females. Data was collected using Modified WHO Performa (1997). Periodontal status was examined using Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and Loss of Attachment (LOA). Chi-square test and one sample t-test was used for statistical
analysis and P value was set (p< 0.05) as significant.
Mean CPI score in subjects and non-contraceptive users was 2.34+ 0.81 and 1.16+ 0.89 respectively. Mean LOA score
in each group was 0.28+ 0.45 and 0.19+ 0.50 respectively.
Oral Contraceptive pills had adverse effects on periodontal health.
Cite as: Prachi S, Jitender S, Rahul C, Jitendra K, Priyanka M, S D. Impact of oral contraceptives on periodontal health. Afri Health Sci.
2019;19(1). 1795-1800. https:// dx.doi. org/10.4314/ ahs. v19i1.56