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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 19, No. 3, 2019, pp. 2351-2355
Bioline Code: hs19122
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2019, pp. 2351-2355

 en Acute human cytomegalovirus infection among voluntary blood donors in the Lake Victoria zone blood transfusion centre: should it be considered in screening?
Tebuka, Erius; Fulgence, Ruharara D; Msemwa, Bertrand; Silago, Vitus; Mshana, Stephen E & Mirambo, Mariam M

Abstract

Background: Despite blood transfusion being a lifesaving option, it may be associated with blood borne infections including human cytomegalovirus(HCMV). The World Health Organization recommends screening of blood products for HCMV before transfusion to pregnant women, neonates and immunocompromised patients. However, this is not routinely practised in many resource limited countries.
Objective: This study aimed at determining seroprevalence of specific HCMV IgM antibodies among volunteered blood donors at the Lake Victoria zone blood transfusion centre
Methods: A total of 228 sera from volunteered blood donors were analyzed using HCMV IgM µ capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay as per manufacturer’s instructions. Data were analyzed by STATA version 13
Results: The median age of the study participants was 19 interquartile range (IQR): 18-23 years. The seroprevalence of specific HCMV IgM antibodies was found to be 23/228 (10.1%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 6-14. None of the factors was found to be associated with HCMV IgM seropositivity among blood donors.
Conclusion: One out 10 blood donors in the Lake Victoria zone blood transfusion centre is acutely infected with HCMV. There is a need to consider screening of HCMV before blood transfusion particularly in resource limited countries where HCMV is endemic.

Keywords
Human cytomegalovirus; Tanzania; blood transfusion.

 
© Copyright 2019 - Tebuka et al.

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