African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 19, No. 3, 2019, pp. 2446-2456
Bioline Code: hs19134
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2019, pp. 2446-2456
© Copyright 2019 - Ndiaye et al.
Genetic polymorphism of Merozoite Surface Protein 1 (msp1) and 2 (msp2) genes and multiplicity of Plasmodium falciparum infection across various endemic areas in Senegal|
Ndiaye, Tolla; Sy, Mouhamad; Gaye, Amy & Ndiaye, Daouda
Introduction: Despite a significant decline in Senegal, malaria remains a burden in various parts of the country. Assessment of multiplicity of Plasmodium falciparum infection and genetic diversity of parasites population could help in monitoring of malaria control.
Objective: To assess genetic diversity and multiplicity of infection in P. falciparum isolates from three areas in Senegal with different malaria transmissions.
Methods: 136 blood samples were collected from patients with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in Pikine, Kedougou and Thies. Polymorphic loci of msp1 and 2 (Merozoite surface protein-1 and 2) genes were amplified by nested PCR.
Results: For msp1gene, K1 allelic family was predominant with frequency of 71%. Concerning msp2 gene, IC3D7 allelic family was the most represented with frequency of 83%. Multiclonal isolates found were 36% and 31% for msp1et msp2 genes respectively. The MOI found in all areas was 2.56 and was statistically different between areas (P=0.024). Low to intermediate genetic diversity were found with heterozygosity range (He=0,394-0,637) and low genetic differentiation (Fst msp1= 0.011; Fst msp2= 0.017) were observed between P. falciparum population within the country.
Conclusion: Low to moderate genetic diversity of P.falciparum strains and MOI disparities were found in Senegal.
Senegal; MOI; Genetic diversity; msp1; msp2.