African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 19, No. 4, 2019, pp. 3009-3017
Bioline Code: hs19168
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2019, pp. 3009-3017
© Copyright 2019 - Agide et al.
How do reproductive age women perceive breast cancer screening in Ethiopia? A qualitative study|
Agide, Feleke Doyore; Garmaroudi, Gholamreza; Sadeghi, Roya; Shakibazadeh, Elham; Yaseri, Mehdi & Koricha, Zewdie Birhanu
Background: Breast cancer remains one of the deadliest non-communicable diseases in the world. In Ethiopia, breast cancer
accounts for 33.4% of total cancer diagnosis in women.
Objective: This study aims to explore perception about breast screening behavior among reproductive age women.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted as a baseline to identify gaps to design interventions that will enhance breast
screening uptake among reproductive age women. Six focus group discussions and 9 in-depth interviews were conducted with
women and health workers respectively. Semi-structured questions were used. Data analysis was analyzed by Atlas.ti. 7 and the
ideas were put in direct quotation and narration.
Results: Lack of awareness is the preceding problem for self-susceptibility to breast cancer as well as for having breast screening.
Majority of women thought that the cause of breast cancer was a sin (supernatural power). Self-efficacy and cues to action
were the most important correlates of the perception owing to fear of socio-cultural stigma and discrimination.
Conclusion: All health belief model constructs identified a critical problem for adaptation of behavior. Therefore, this gives the
opportunity to design and develop community-based intervention and explore new intervention mechanism with an accurate
Behavior; breast; perception; qualitative data; Ethiopia.