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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 20, No. 2, 2020, pp. 568-578
Bioline Code: hs20020
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2020, pp. 568-578

 en Evaluating HIV/Aids prevalence and sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of health expenditure
Odugbesan, Jamiu Adetola & Rjoub, Husam


Background: The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) present the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS worldwide; resulting to a significant development challenges at country, region and global level. The previous studies explain at least in part, the impact of the epidemic, however the impact of HIV/AIDS in long-term economic behavior were not yet clear. There is clearly few or absence of studies on the impact of the impact of the epidemic on sustainable development.
Objective: This study focused on macroeconomic analysis of the HIV/AIDS impact on sustainable development in SSA.
Method: The study utilized a panel dataset covering 23 countries from 1993 until 2016, and employed Panel ARDL/PMG.
Results: Our findings reveals a stable long-run relationship between sustainable development and HIV/AIDS prevalence. The error correction coefficient was statistically significant and conclude that HIV/AIDS prevalence has long-run impact on sustainable development.
Conclusion: The main implication of our study is that, achieving a sustainable development in the presence of high prevalence of HIV/AIDS in SSA is very challenging and as such, the responsiveness of HIV/AIDS to sustainable development should be maintained at minimum which would require more efforts on HIV/AIDS control programs and increase health expenditure.

HIV/AIDS; macroeconomics; sustainable development; health expenditure; SSA

© Copyright 2020 - Odugbesan JA et al.

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