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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 20, No. 2, 2020, pp. 605-614
Bioline Code: hs20024
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2020, pp. 605-614

 en Sex differences and HIV status of tuberculosis in adults at a rural hospital in southern Ethiopia: an 18-year retrospective cross-sectional study
Ramos, José M; Comeche, Belén; Tesfamariam, Abraham; Reyes, Francisco; Tiziano, Gebre; Balcha, Seble; Edada, Tamasghen; Biru, Dejene; Pérez-Butragueño, Mario & Górgolas, Miguel


Background. The aim of the study was to compare the epidemiology, clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of tuberculosis (TB), including HIV status, in women and men in southern rural Ethiopia.
Methods. We conducted a register-based retrospective cohort study covering the period from September 1998 to August 2015.
Results. We included records of 2252 registered TB patients: 1080 (48%) women and 1172 (52%) men. Median age was similar for women and men: 27.5 years and 25.0 years, respectively. Median weight in women was 43.0 kg (interquartile range IQR: 38.0, 49.0), significantly lower than in men (50.0 kg, IQR 44.0, 55.0; p = 0.01). Extrapulmonary TB was significantly more common in women than in men (34.1% versus 28.7%; p=0.006). Treatment outcomes were similar in both sexes: in 70.3% of women and 68.9% of men, TB mortality was slightly lower in women than men (4.7% vs. 6.5%; p=0.08). In patients with TB, female sex was independently associated with low weight (adjusted aOR: 0.91; 95% CI 0.90, 0.92), less mortality (aOR: 0.54; 95% CI 0.36, 0.81), and lymph node TB (aOR: 1.57; 95% CI 1.13, 2.19)
Conclusion. Lymph node TB was more common in women. Treatment outcomes were similar in both sexes, but women had a lower mortality rate.

Tuberculosis; tuberculosis, lymph node; female; women; sex; gender; Ethiopia.

© Copyright 2020 - Ramos JM et al.

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