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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 20, No. 2, 2020, pp. 912-922
Bioline Code: hs20062
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2020, pp. 912-922

 en Nutrition knowledge and care practices of home-based caregivers in Vhembe District, South Africa
Masia, Tirhani A; Mushaphi, Lindelani F; Mabapa, Ngoako S & Mbhenyane, Xikombiso G


Background: Home-based care is provided to clients in their homes to promote and maintain good health, hygiene and nutrition.
Objective: This study assessed nutrition knowledge and care practices of home-based caregivers in Vhembe District, South Africa.
Methods: The design was cross sectional, descriptive and exploratory using quantitative and qualitative approaches. Multistage sampling was used, with convenient selection of two municipalities from four, eight home-based care agencies randomly selected from 96 agencies, 128 caregivers conveniently selected for interviews, 92 caregivers selected for focus group discussions and 28 caregivers selected for observation during home visits. Demographic characteristics, nutrition knowledge and care practices were evaluated using questionnaires, interview guides and observational checklists. Data were analysed using SPSS 22 and thematic analysis for qualitative data.
Results: caregivers (99.2%) were women, 68.7% had secondary education and all had received 59-day training and 64.1% had six to ten years of home-based care experience. Only 0.8% had adequate nutrition knowledge, 45.3% satisfactory knowledge and 53.9% limited to no knowledge. Most care practices reported during the focus group discussions were not observed during home visits.
Conclusion: Nutrition knowledge and care practices of HBC in Vhembe District were found to be inadequate. The nutrition content in the training package should be improved.

Nutrition knowledge; nutrition care practices; home-based care; home-based caregivers.

© Copyright 2020 - Masia TA et al.

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