Co-existence of Herpes simplex virus type 2 and two other oncoviruses is associated with cervical lesions in women living with HIV in South-Western Nigeria|
Okoye, Jude Ogechukwu; Ngokere, Anthony Ajuluchukwu; Erinle, Charles & Mbamalu, Chinenye
Background: The prevalence of Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) in cervical lesions is under-reported, especially in
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infected persons.
Objectives: This study determined the prevalence of viral mono-infections, co-infections and squamous cell intraepithelial
lesions (SIL) in HIV seropositive (HIV+) and HIV seronegative (HIV-) women.
Methods: This study included HIV+ and HIV- women (105 each). Cervical smears and viral antibodies were evaluated by
Papanicolaou’s technique and ELISA method, respectively.
Results: The prevalence of HSV-2, HPV and EBV infections, and SIL were higher in HIV+ women (75.2, 41.9, 41 and
32.4%) than in HIV- women (45.7, 26.7, 26.7 and 13.3%) at p< 0.0001, p= 0.029, 0.041 and 0.002, respectively. Higher
prevalence of viral mono-infection and tri-infection was observed in HIV+ women (43.8 and 24.8%) than in HIV- women
(27.6 and 8.6%) at p= 0.021, and 0.003, respectively. The prevalence of SIL was also higher in HIV+ women with viral mono-infection, bi-infection and tri-infection (15.2, 42.9, and 53.8%) than in HIV- women (6.9, 12.5, and 44.4%) at p= 0.468,
0.041, and 0.711, respectively.
Conclusion: This study suggests that the high prevalence of SIL in HIV+ women could be associated with viral co-infections.
Epstein-Barr virus; human immunodeficiency virus; human papilloma virus; herpes simplex virus type 2; cervical lesion