About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News

African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 20, No. 3, 2020, pp. 1168-1178
Bioline Code: hs20092
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2020, pp. 1168-1178

 en Rodents as potential hosts and reservoirs of parasites along the edge of a Central African forest: Bwindi impenetrable national park, South Western Uganda
Mawanda, Patrick; Rwego, Innocent; Kisakye, John J & Sheil, Douglas


Background: Rodents which constitute 42% of the world’s mammalian population are major reservoirs of pathogens that cause zoonoses. Currently we know little about rodents’ potential zoonotic transfer from human settlements into protected areas and how any such threats might be reduced.
Objective: To investigate the role of rodents as reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens along the boundary of Bwindi.
Methods: A rodent inventory in three villages along the edge of Bwindi, was carried using live trapping techniques and the local rodents’ ecto and endoparasite fauna investigated.
Results: Two hundred eighty eight rodents captured belonged to 24 species, 17 genera and 4 families with Lophuromys aquilus check for this species in other resources being most abundant (30.2%). 240 ectoparasites which included mites, fleas and ticks were collected from 88 rodents out of 249. Proamys jacksoni check for this species in other resources rodents were most infested. Although the mites represented the largest proportion (84.6%), the highest species diversity was shown among the fleas (9 species). Some 36.9% of the rodents were infected with endoparasites of which L. aquilus haboured most. Endoparasitic genera identified included Nippostrongylus, Ascaris check for this species in other resources , Strongyloides, Trichuris, Hymenolepis check for this species in other resources , Taenia check for this species in other resources and Cryptosporidium check for this species in other resources .
Conclusion: Rodents have a zoonotic potentiality. There is need for developing effective integrated rodent management programs against rodent to reduce chances of parasite transmission within the protected areas.

Bwind; human disease; mountain gorillas; rodents; transmission.

© Copyright 2020 - Mawanda P et al.

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2024, Site last up-dated on 01-Sep-2022.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Google Cloud Platform, GCP, Brazil