VMMC clients’ perception of increased risk of HIV infection, circumcision preferred choice of method, providers’ socio-demographics and mode of service delivery|
Nanteza, Barbara M; Gray, Ronald H; Serwadda, David; Kennedy, C & Makumbi, Fredrick
Introduction: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is a scientifically proven HIV prevention intervention.
Uganda, like many countries has been implementing VMMC for over 10 years but uptake is still low especially in northern
Uganda. To attain 80% needed for public health impact, scale-up was recommended with many innovations implemented
with sub-optimal results. This study therefore wanted to find out some of the correlates of VMMC uptake in Gulu district,
Methods: Two studies were conducted separately but data was analyzed for this study. For the quantitative study, proportions
and frequencies were used to measure perception of increased risk of HIV infection using age, gender, occupation,
marital and circumcision status. Qualitative study provided data from FGDs, IDIs and KIIs were first transcribed in Acholi
and then translated in English. Transcripts were uploaded in MAXDQA software for data management. A code book for
emerging themes was developed.
Results: A total of 548 respondents were interviewed for the quantitative study, where two thirds (66%) of the participants
perceived themselves to be at increased risk of HIV infection. For the qualitative study, 149 participants from 19 FGDs, 11
KIIs and 9 IDIs were interviewed. Data were analyzed thematically using both inductive and deductive approaches. Devices
were preferred to conventional surgery while mobile services were preferred to static services. However, there were divergent
views regarding circumcision service providers’ socio-demographics and these were influenced mainly by age, level of
education and location.
Conclusion: People in Northern Uganda perceived themselves to be at an increased risk of HIV infection. They preferred
devices to conventional surgery, mobile services to static services but had varying views about the socio-demographics of
the service providers.
Male circumcision; challenges; HIV prevention.