Knowledge, attitude and practices about dengue fever among adults living in Pwani Region, Tanzania in 2019|
Background: Dengue fever (DF) is currently widespread in tropical and sub-tropical countries. Among the triggers of epidemic
include urbanization and internal migrations. Within the past few years, there have been DF outbreaks in Tanzania.
Although Pwani region is among the predicted risk areas for the DF, there is insufficient data about people’s knowledge,
attitude and practices towards prevention of DF in their settings. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess knowledge,
attitude and practices about DF among adults in Pwani region in Tanzania.
Methods: The cross-sectional study conducted in Mkuranga District, Pwani region in Tanzania. We used face-to-face interviews
to collect data. The main analytical procedure was descriptive using frequencies.
Results: The majority, 97.7%, were aware of DF. Nevertheless, almost 80% had a low knowledge on symptoms, transmission
and vector control measures. Furthermore, less than 20% had positive attitude towards dengue fever prevention, severity
of the illness and health seeking behavior.
Conclusion: Lack of enough knowledge and positive attitude about disease transmission, symptoms and preventive measures
put the population at high risk of contracting the disease. There is need to create and improve friendly, correct and
simple information, education and education messages for the rural populations.
Attitude; Dengue; knowledge; practice; rural.