African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 1624-1631
Bioline Code: hs20119
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 1624-1631
© Copyright 2020 - Mahmoud A et al.
Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among children with primary nephrotic syndrome: a cross-sectional study|
Mahmoud, Ahmed; Bakr, Ashraf; Elsaid, Afaf & Wahba, Yahya
Background: Limited data are available about the prevalence of helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection among primary NS
Objectives: To assess the frequency and risk factors of H.pylori infection among children with primary NS.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura University Children’s Hospital, Egypt during the period from
2017 to 2019 including 100 NS children (NS group) and 100 healthy controls. NS group included 88 steroid sensitive (SSNS)
and 12 steroid resistant (SRNS) cases. All patients were assessed for H.pylori infection using H.pylori stool antigen (HpSA)
test. Statistical analysis was done using chi-square, fisher exact and Mann-Whitney tests.
Results: With regard to HpSA test results, no significant differences were detected between control and NS groups (p =
0.193) and between SSNS and SRNS groups (p = 0.286). Concerning total biopsied cases and MCD (proven plus presumed)
cases, no significant differences were found between those with positive and negative HpSA test (p = 0.648 and 0.126, respectively).
The high dose of steroid therapy was associated with a higher risk of H.pylori infection among NS group (Odds
ratio = 3.8; 95% confidence interval = 1.3-11.3).
Conclusion: The current study negates the increased risk of H.pylori infection in children with primary NS.
Children; H.pylori; primary nephrotic syndrome.