African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 2044-2049
Bioline Code: hs20135
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 2044-2049
© Copyright 2020 - Alade O et al.
Self-reported halitosis and oral health related quality of life in adolescent students from a suburban community in Nigeria|
Alade, Omolola; Ajoloko, Ebenezer; Dedeke, Aderonke; Uti, Omolara & Sofola, Oyinkansola
Background: Halitosis is an important cause of impaired quality of life in adolescents. Little is known about the prevalence
of self-reported halitosis in adolescents in Nigeria and the extent to which self-reported halitosis impairs their oral health
related quality of life.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence and impact of self-reported halitosis on the oral health related quality of life of
adolescent students in a suburban community in Nigeria.
Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study. Pre-tested self-administered pro-forma was used to obtain the adolescents’
demographic data and their self-perception of halitosis. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was used to assess the
adolescents’ OHRQoL. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the median OHIP-14 scores between adolescents
who reported halitosis and those who did not. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Ethics approval for this study
was obtained from the Health Research and Ethics Committee of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital.
Results: A total of 361 adolescents aged 10 – 19 years (mean age 14.1 ± 1.79 years) took part in the study. Of these, 32.7%
(n=118) had self-reported halitosis. The median OHIP-14 score among adolescents with self-reported halitosis was 3 (0-9)
while those who did not report halitosis had a median OHIP-14 score of 0 (0 – 5). This difference was statistically significant
(p < 0.0001).
Conclusion: Self-reported halitosis significantly impaired the oral health related quality of life of the adolescents.
Halitosis; oral health; quality of life; adolescent.