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African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905
EISSN: 1680-6905
Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 2050-2061
Bioline Code: hs20136
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge

African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 2050-2061

 en Trace metal toxicity in some food items in three major markets in Ado-Odo/Ota LGA, Ogun State, Nigeria and associated health implications
Ayanda, Opeyemi Isaac; Bello, Oluwakemi Adetutu & Nwabuisi, Oluwatosin Ifeanyichukwu


Background: Many of the markets in Nigeria are open, where foodstuffs are laid bare on flat trays and open baskets, directly exposing them to environmental contaminants.This study aimed at determining whether some food items on sale around an industrialized area of Ogun State are contaminated with trace metals.
Methods: Seven different food items – Clarias gariepinus check for this species in other resources (roasted, fresh and smoked) Bos taurus check for this species in other resources (dried and fresh beef), zobo leaf ( Hibiscus sabdariffa check for this species in other resources ) and crayfish ( Astacus leptodactylus check for this species in other resources ) were sampled from three major markets, namely: Lusada, Atan and Ota in Ado-Odo/Ota LGA of Ogun State. They were analyzed for Lead, Cadmium, Nickel, Manganese and Zinc using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy.
Results: Cd was not detected in most of the food items across the markets. Pb, Ni and Mn were detected in very high concentrations above the maximum allowable limits by international regulatory agencies. Zn was the only metal that was generally below regulatory limits in food items across the three markets. The Estimated Daily Intake (EDI) and Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) values were generally higher than values acceptable in food.
Conclusion: Some of the food items consumed in this area are not entirely safe from metal toxicity and this may have serious health consequences.

Cadmium; food items; lead; Manganese; nickel; zinc.

© Copyright 2020 - Ayanda OI et al.

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