African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 1898-1907
Bioline Code: hs20154
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 1898-1907
© Copyright 2020 - Byonanebye J et al.
Geographic variation and risk factors for teenage pregnancy in Uganda|
Byonanebye, Joseph; Brazauskas, Ruta; Tumwesigye, Nazarius; Young, Staci; May, Thomas & Cassidy, Laura
Background: Teenage pregnancy is a global health issue with high rates in sub-Saharan Africa. In Uganda, teenage pregnancy
is a public and community health issue.
Objectives: This study hypothesized that there would be regional variations in rates, risk factors and trends of teenage
pregnancy in Uganda.
Methods: Data were analyzed from the Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys (UDHS) in 2006 and 2011. The outcome
of interest was current pregnancy for females 15 to 19 years of age at the time of the survey. Bivariate analysis was performed
for each year to examine the rate and trends of pregnancy by various demographic characteristics. Logistic regression
was conducted to assess the association between teenage pregnancy and sociodemographic variables.
Results: Uganda’s rate of teenage pregnancy increased from 7.3/1000 in 2006 to 8.1/1000 in 2011. The East Central region
consistently had the highest rates than other regions. In 2006, teenage pregnancy was significantly associated with being married,
living with a partner or separated, as compared to those who were single. Marital and wealth status were also significant
predictors of teenage pregnancy based on the 2011 survey.
Conclusion: The rate of teenage pregnancy in Uganda is high and the trend demonstrated regional variation. Future interventions
could focus on regions with high poverty and low education.
Teenage pregnancy; risk factors; Uganda demographic; health survey.