African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 1955-1967
Bioline Code: hs20160
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 1955-1967
© Copyright 2020 - Arabahmadi A.
Combating female genital mutilation in Northeast (Horn) Africa and its challenges|
Background: This article investigates the practice of female genital mutilation as a long-held custom in the countries of Northeast
Africa, known as Horn of Africa, where many women in rural and urban areas are faced with different physical and psychic
consequences in their future lives.
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of FGM in the Horn of Africa and the traditional thinking of People about it.
Methods: This study was based on descriptive analysis method. The questions of the study are (a) Why female circumcision is
widely practiced in Horn of Africa; (b) What are the mental and physical consequences of female genital mutilation for the women;
and (c) How regional and international entities, whether governmental or NGOs, are combating this tradition.
Results: This article has found out that female genital mutilation in Northeast African countries has resulted in many lifelong
diseases and sexual degradation in many women and the best way to combat this tradition is to inform people by gradual (not
abrupt) trainings without any insult to the beliefs of the people.
Conclusion: This study reveals the Health education based on behavioral change. In doing so, the unity of policies between
regional and international actors along with attracting the support of tribal elites is also needed.
Female genital mutilation; Northeast Africa; international organizations; nongovernmental organizations; gender discrimination.