African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 1985-1995
Bioline Code: hs20163
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2020, pp. 1985-1995
© Copyright 2020 - Egbe TO et al.
Infertility and associated factors in three hospitals in Douala, Cameroon: a cross-sectional study|
Egbe, Thomas Obinchemti; Mbaki, Charmaine Ngo; Tendongfor, Nicholas; Temfack, Elvis & Belley-Priso, Eugene
Aim: We determined the prevalence and factors associated with couple infertility in three hospitals in Douala, Cameroon.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study from December 18th 2015 to March 18th
2016 in three public hospitals in Douala. Three hundred and sixty participants were studied prospectively for associated factors
using a multivariate logistic regression model and 4732 files were studied retrospectively for the prevalence of infertility.
Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.
Results: The prevalence of couple infertility was 19.2%. In logistic models, the factors which independently increased the
risk of couple infertility were a history of reproductive tract infection/STI, a history of uterine fibroids, a history of dysmenorrhea
and abortion for the females while for males it was a history of mumps, erectile dysfunction and exposure to
Conclusion: One in every five couples in this study was infertile. Several factors affect the risks associated with couple infertility.
The identification of these factors could help detect subgroups of couples at high risk of infertility. Reproductive
health education, screening programmes for STI’s that may lead to infertility should be offered to couples.
Couple infertility; prevalence; associated factors; Douala; Cameroon.