African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 21, No. 1, 2021, pp. 32-40
Bioline Code: hs21013
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2021, pp. 32-40
© Copyright 2021 - Adam HMI et al.
Dietary knowledge, attitude and practice among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Sudan: a hospital-based cross-sectional study|
Adam, Halla Mahagoub Idrees; Elmosaad, Yousif Mohammed; Ahmed, Abd Elbasit Elawad; Khan, Asif & Mahmud, Ilias
Background: In Sudan, the prevalence of diabetes in adults was estimated at 19.1% in 2015. This study assessed dietary
knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in Sudan.
Methods: We randomly selected 238 T2DM patients from a list of 2460 patients from the Jabber Abulizz Hospital. We
interviewed them face-to-face using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to
investigate the determinants of KAP regarding the recommended diets for T2DM patients.
Results: Majority of the patients demonstrated good knowledge (54.6%), positive attitude (79%); and good practice (58%).
The result revealed that patients with formal education had 3.0 (95% CI: 1.6-5.7) times higher odds of having good diabetic
dietary knowledge than those with informal education. While patients who had good knowledge and a positive attitude were
respectively 4.7 (95% CI: 2.4-8.9) and 3.2 (95% CI: 1.5-6.7) times more likely to follow dietary recommendations than the
patients with poor knowledge and negative attitudes.
Conclusion: Irrespective of the socio-demographic position, the good knowledge and the positive attitude towards the recommended
diet, all the T2DM patients complied with the dietary recommendations. These findings highlight the need for
improving knowledge and promoting positive attitudes towards the recommended diet among T2DM patients.
Dietary knowledge; type 2 diabetes mellitus; Sudan.