African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 21, No. 1, 2021, pp. 39-43
Bioline Code: hs21014
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2021, pp. 39-43
© Copyright 2021 - Muli-Kinagwi SK et al.
Retention of pediatric patients in care: a study of the Kibera Community Health Center HIV/AIDS Program|
Muli-Kinagwi, Sara K; Ndirangu, Meshack; Gachuno, Onesmus & Muhula, Samuel
Background: In 2011, 3.4 million children were living with HIV worldwide1.
Objectives: Describe the characteristics of pediatric patients enrolled into the HIV program at the Kibera community
health center between January 2012 and March 2013. Determine the proportion of enrolled paediatric patients lost to follow
up. Determine the correlates associated with retention and loss to follow up
Methods: The study was a retrospective cohort study of program data of all pediatric patients enrolled into the HIV program
in the facility between January 2012 and March 2013. The data was analyzed using SPSS.
Results: Of the 100 pediatric patients enrolled during the study period, 79 and 21 were HIV negative and positive respectively.
Only 4 (5%) of the HIV exposed Infants and 11 (52%) of the HIV positive children were started on ART within the
study period. The retention rate of the children at 3 months was 87% while the retention at both 12 and 15 months was
79%. There was an association between the mother or guardian disclosing their status and the retention of the child (p-value
Conclusion: The disclosure of the HIV status by parent/guardian to the child was associated with better retention of the
children in the program.
Pediatric patients in care; Kibera community health center; HIV/AIDS.