African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 21, No. 1, 2021, pp. 75-81
Bioline Code: hs21024
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2021, pp. 75-81
© Copyright 2021 - Opreh OP et al.
Prevalence and factors associated with hypertension among rural community dwellers in a local government area, South West Nigeria|
Opreh, Owigho P; Olajubu, Temitope O; Akarakiri, Kunmi J; Ligenza, Vojtech; Amos, John T; Adeyeye, Adebanke V; Oyelade, Olufunke Z & Oyewole, Funmilayo C
Background: Many African countries including Nigeria are said to be at various stages of an epidemiological transition
from communicable to non-communicable diseases (NCD).
Objective: This study determined the current pattern and correlates of hypertension among adults in some rural communities
in South West Nigeria.
Methods: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 1012 individuals across 16 rural communities. The respondents’
blood pressure, weight, height and waist circumference were measured. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were done.
Results: Among the participants, 461 (45.6%) had hypertension out of whom 217 (47.1%) and 244 (52.9%) had stage 1 and
stage 2 hypertension respectively. The systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressures increased with age. The significant
predictors of hypertension were; increasing age (p<0.001), higher waist circumference (p = 0.01) and overweight / obesity
(p = 0.03). While systolic blood pressure (SBP) had the strongest correlation with age, waist circumference (WC) was the
strongest correlate of diastolic blood pressure (DBP).
Conclusion: Despite being a rural population, there was a high prevalence of hypertension in the study area.
Prevalence; hypertension; rural; community; Nigeria.