Exploring unsafe sexual practices among truck drivers at Meerut District, India: a cross-sectional study|
Pundhir, Ashish; Shukla, Arvind; Goel, Akhil Dhanesh; Pundhir, Pooja; Gupta, Manoj Kumar; Parashar, Pawan & Varshney, Amit Mohan
Background: Despite implementation of HIV prevention programmes for truck drivers in India, unsafe sex behavior
among truck drivers has been documented.
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge about HIV Transmission and modes of prevention, pattern
of condom use with high risk partners and explore the practice of unsafe sex and its risk factors among truck drivers.
Methods: This exploratory cross-sectional study design was conducted on a recruited convenient sample of 100 truck
drivers above 18 years from March to May 2015. Binary logistic regression was used to compute unadjusted odds ratio [95%
Confidence Interval] for establishing association of risk factors with unsafe sex.
Results: Overall, only 7% had complete knowledge about HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention. 54% of truck drivers
have sex with a high risk partner (commercial sexual worker or men having sex with men) and thirty-eight percent reported
unsafe sexual practices due to inconsistent condom use with them. The various risk factors found significantly associated
with unsafe sex were mean age of first intercourse (OR= 0.92, 95% CI: 0.75 – 0.97), access to pornography (OR = 4.4, 95%
CI: 1.8 – 10.7) and conuming psychoactive substance before sex (OR = 4.06, 95% CI: 1.09 – 15.02).
Conclusion: Socio-demographic, occupational factors, pornography access and consuming psychoactive substances seems
to influence the sexual behaviour of truckers.
Unsafe sex; truck drivers; psychoactive substance; HIV; AIDS.