African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
Vol. 21, No. 2, 2021, pp. 566-5675
Bioline Code: hs21051
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Health Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2021, pp. 566-5675
© Copyright 2021 - Umeizudike KA et al.
Oral health related quality of life among HIV positive patients attending two HIV outpatient clinics in Nigeria - a cross sectional study|
Umeizudike, Kehinde Adesola; Osagbemiro, Babatope Bamidele; Daramola, Opeyemi Oluwayemisi & Adeyemo, Titilope Adenike
Background: The human immunodeficiency virus infection remains a devastating disease of public health importance.
Objectives: To assess the association between oral health and quality of life and the factors affecting the oral health related
quality of life among HIV positive patients in Nigeria.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study of HIV positive patients attending two HIV outpatient clinics in Nigeria. Impact
of oral health on quality of life was assessed using the OHIP-14. Oral health status was assessed by the DMFT and Simplified
OHI indices. Level of significance was set at p< 0.05.
Results: Three hundred and fifty-two patients were seen, 64.2% being females. Prevalence of impact was 8.5%; and the
mean OHIP scores was 8.05±9.54. Highest impact was “painful aching” 67(19.1%) with the domain of physical pain scoring
the highest mean impact of 2.32. Most patients (88.6%) were on HAART. Following logistic regression, after controlling
for potential confounders, independent factors associated with poor OHRQoL were perceived need for dental treatment,
HAART use, and higher DMFT (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The domain of physical pain had the highest impact, while perceived need for dental treatment, HAART use
and higher caries index were contributory to poor OHRQoL.
HIV infection; Oral health; OHRQoL.