search
for
 About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News  Donations


Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2007, pp. 169-172
Bioline Code: ja07043
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2007, pp. 169-172

 en Influence of Hudiara Drain Water Irrigation on Trace Elements Load In Soil And Uptake By Vegetables
Yamin, Muhammad Tariq & Ahmad, Nasir

Abstract

The rapid urbanization in the cities and increasing load of population generating lot of problems for maintaining environment. The sewage and industrial effluent generated by human settlement are disposed of directly in to nearby rivers / water bodies and agricultural fields. This polluted water not only contains organic matter and crop nutrients but also some toxic metals. The water of these channels may become a potential source of diseases and contaminate our natural resources. In Pakistan it is a common practice to use industrial and sewage effluents for raising crops. Continuous use of such effluent could result in accumulation of metals to such a concentration that may become phytotoxic and eventually hazardous to animal and human health. One such example is the Hudiara drain; a transboundary channel originates from India and enters in Pakistan at village Laloo. Farmers of nearby locality are using the untreated waste water for raising the crops and vegetables. This practice is being done at more than 4000 acres of cultivated area along the Drain by lifting the drain’s water through electric pumps, peter engines and tractor driven devices. The density of tubewells is 7 pumps per kilometres for irrigating the farmer’s fields and it is increasing day by day. Three points were selected for sampling the vegetables along the 54.6 km stretch of drain, each at head, middle and tail. Soil samples were taken before sowing and after the harvesting of crops. Plant samples were collected at maturity from all the monitoring points. At each location samples were collected at four nearby sites for detail and representative analysis. During the growing period of crop regular monitoring of Hudiara drain was done for water quality parameters. It was found that metal ions concentration in the vegetables was higher as specified in the standards. Similarly water quality of drain showed increasing level of Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC), Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) and Electrical Conductivity (EC) as recommended in the water quality criteria. Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) requirements of Drain water were also found higher than the National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) established under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997. It was concluded that continuous use of untreated drain’s water is not suitable for raising agricultural crops due to its consequences on human health and soil environment.

 
© Copyright 2007 - Journal of Applied Sciences & Environmental Management

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2017, Site last up-dated on 16-Oct-2017.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil