Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2007, pp. 181-186
Bioline Code: ja07045
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2007, pp. 181-186
© Copyright 2007 - Journal of Applied Sciences & Environmental Management
Determination of Formation Strata and Groundwater Potential in Sapele Metropolis and Environ|
Okolie, E.C.; Osemeikhian, J.E.A. & Ujuanbi, O.
This study was carried out in Sapele, Jesse and Oghara, Delta state to determine the groundwater
potential by correlating results of seismic refraction survey and those of electrical resistivity studies. Fifteen vertical
electrical sounding (VES) locations were sounded and nine seismic stations were shot to complement the study.
The seismic results show that the area has generally three or four layer formations. The thin weathering layer with
thickness of 1.0 - 3.5 m has velocity range of 250 – 350 m/s. while the velocities of second and third layers range
from 900 -1400m/s to consolidated zone. The analysis of the VES data delineated 4 to 5 layers with HK and AKA
curves types mainly and showed that the formation of the area is basically conducting which suggests the existence
of heavy clay or clayey sand formations. Although the numbers of layers delineated differ, both methods indicate
that viable aquifer at Sapele and Jesse is generally within 25m although false and contaminated aquifer may be
intercepted at 10 -15 m. On the contrary, Oghara is more of sandy formation with aquifer above 35 m.