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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2007, pp. 223-229
Bioline Code: ja07052
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2007, pp. 223-229

 en Source and Sink Strength of Carbon Dioxide, Methane and Distribution of Sulfate in Salt-marsh Soils at the Wadden Sea Coast of Northern Germany
Khan, Md. Harunor Rashid; Blume, Hans-Peter; Adachi, Tadashi; Pfisterer, Ulrich & Müller-Thomsen, Udo

Abstract

A field study was conducted at Schleswig-Holstein of Kiel in Germany to evaluate the factors controlling carbon and sulfate dynamics along a toposequence of coastal salt marsh soils. The soil at the top end of the salt marsh was salic silty to clayic Typic Sulfaquent (Salzrohmarsh) and the bottom end was sandy to silty Haplic Sulfaquent (Übergangsmischwatt). The mean (depth: 0-100 cm) values of pH and rH were 6.8-6.9; 6.8-7.0 and 17.3-8.1; 15-8.6 for the Typic Sulfaquent (TS) and Haplic Sulfaquent (HS) throughout the year, respectively. The net-emission of CO2 was negative (-14.0 g m-2 yr-1) for the HS but highly positive (857 g m-2 yr-1) for the TS throughout the year. The annual emissions of CH4 were almost 10 fold higher in HS (0.3 g m-2 yr-1) than that of the TS (0.03 g m-2 yr-1). The concentrations of CH4 at different seasons showed almost inverse relationships with the concentrations of CO2, varied significantly (p≤0.05) with the seasons and depth function, and showed no dependence to temperature. The SO4 contents were observed maximum in the TS than that of HS during all the seasons. There was no noticeable correlation (r=- 0.09) between SO4 and CH4 concentrations. Moreover, even CH4 was determined at depths where the SO4 concentration was about 1200 mg SO4 L-1.

 
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