Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
Vol. 11, No. 3, 2007, pp. 113-118
Bioline Code: ja07076
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2007, pp. 113-118
© Copyright 2007 - Journal of Applied Sciences & Environmental Management
Changes Of Available Phosphorus And Phosphatase Activity In The Rhizosphere Of Some field And Vegetation Crops In The Fast Growth Stage|
Sinegani, Ali Akbar Safari & Sharifi, Zahed
A large proportion of P is found in organic forms. Phosphatase, plays an essential role in the
mineralization of organic phosphorus. Agronomy species can affect phosphatase activity in rhizosphere. The aim of
our study was to determine the effects of some agronomy species (Gramineae, Leguminose, Solanaceae, Labiatae,
Cruciferae, Umbellifera, Alliaceae) on phosphatase activity in their rhizosphere. The agronomy species were planted
in a semiarid soil in the pots under greenhouse condition. Phosphatase activity in the rhizosphere of any species was
studied at middle of their growth. Phosphatase activity was greatly enhanced in the rhizosphere of all species.
Alkaline phosphatase activity increased 102-325% and acid phosphatase activity increased 205-455% in the
rhizosphere soil compared to the non-rhizosphere soil. This suggests that agronomy species actively promote
rhizosphere phosphatase activity either directly by secretion or indirectly by stimulation of microbial activity and/or
by depletion of Pi. There were significant differences between phosphatase activities in rhizosphere of plant species.
The highest and lowest means of alkaline phosphatase activity were found in rhizosphere of Trifolium repens and
Ocimum basilicum respectively. The highest and lowest means of acid phosphatase activity were found in
rhizosphere of Triticum aestium and Cicer arietinum respectively.