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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 12, No. 2, 2008, pp. 75-80
Bioline Code: ja08031
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2008, pp. 75-80

 en Epidemiological and Bacteriological Studies On Vesical Schistosomiasis in Ikwo Area, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Uwaezuoke, J.C.; Anosike, J.C.; Udujih, O.S. & Onyeka, P.I.K.

Abstract

A study to determine the prevalence and intensity of vesical schistosomiasis and concomitant bacterial infection in six communities in Ikwo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State is reported. Centrifuge concentration technique for the examination of Schistosoma haematobium check for this species in other resources ova was employed. Out of the 838 persons examined, 350 (41.8%) were infected with S. haematobium. Of the 430 males and 408 females examined, 175 (40.7%) and 175 (42.9%) were infected respectively. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of infection amongst the sexes (X2 = 1.19; df = 1; P> 0.05). Over 60% of the infected persons are aged 0 – 20 years. Statistical analysis revealed that the prevalence (X2 = 16.65; df = 6, P< 0.05) and intensity (t = 7.02; df = 6, P< 0.05) were significantly more in persons under the age of 20 years than those above 20 years. Sixty – four (18.3%) of the infected persons were excreting < 50 eggs/10ml urine while 286 (81.7%) were excreting > 50 eggs/10ml urine. Visible haematuria increased with intensity of infection. Farmers were significantly (X2 = 9.82, df = 4; P< 0.05) more affected than other occupational groups examined. Of the 350 persons examined, 44 (22.6%) had significant bacteriuria. The rate of significant bacteriuria increased with age in both sexes. Statistically, there was a significant difference (X2 = 9.09; df = 1; P< 0.05) in the occurrence of significant bacteriuria among the sexes. The bacterial organisms isolated are: Salmonella check for this species in other resources (2.3%), Staphylococcus aureus check for this species in other resources (2.0%), Klebsiella check for this species in other resources spp (1.1%), Escherichia coli check for this species in other resources (5.7%), Proteus check for this species in other resources spp (0.9%) and Pseudomonas check for this species in other resources spp (0.6%).

 
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