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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2009, pp. 15-19
Bioline Code: ja09003
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2009, pp. 15-19

 en Observations on Filarial Infection in Amassoma Community in the Niger Delta, Nigeria
Agi, P.I. & Ebenezer, A.

Abstract

Filarial infections were studied in Amassoma community between March 2006 and April 2007. Seven hundred and eighty blood samples were obtained and examined using standard parasitological techniques. Of this number, 227 (25.5%) samples were infected with filarial spp as follows: Mansonella perstans check for this species in other resources 121 (43.8%), Wuchereria bancrofit check for this species in other resources 80 (28.8%), Loa loa 75 (27.1%) and Onchoceria volvulus check for this species in other resources 1 (0.3%). Peak infection (44.3%) occurred in the 30-39 years age bracket. The lowest infection rate was observed in the candidates above 70 years old. Microfilarial density (mfd) was highest in this age bracket. The lowest mfd occurred in 1-9 years old. Infection was higher (38.9%) in the males than in the females (33.9%). Higher infection in the males was attributed to fishing, which was predominantly a male occupation. Three of the five mosquito spp collected from the community hardboured microfilariae: Anopheles gambiae check for this species in other resources (9.5%), A- funestus (6.6%), Culex quinquefestus check for this species in other resources (4.1%), Anopheles nili check for this species in other resources (-%), Aedes aegypti check for this species in other resources (0%). The presence of the microfilariae confirms that filarial infections in the study area are endemic. Entomological survey was done in the night and insects that were active in day-time were not trapped. @ JASEM

 
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