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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2009, pp. 37-41
Bioline Code: ja09006
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2009, pp. 37-41

 en The comparative effects of methanol extract of Phyllanthus amarus check for this species in other resources leaves and Vitamin E on the Sperm parameters of Male guinea pigs
Obianime, A.W. & Uche, F.I.

Abstract

The effects of the methanol extracts of the leaves of Phyllanthus amarus check for this species in other resources on the sperm parameters of male Guinea pigs were investigated. The effects of Vitamin E on the sperm parameters were also investigated and compared to that of Phyllanthus amarus. The phytochemical screening of the leaves of Phyllanthus amarus was also carried out. The methanol extract of the Phyllanthus amarus leaf (50-200mg/kg) caused a decrease in the sperm count and motility, from 65.0± 2.80 and 66.7±0.33 to 46.0± 2.10 and 37.7± 1.50 respectively. However, this effect was less pronounced at higher doses of Phyllanthus amarus (400 and 800mg/kg). At 400 and 800mg/kg, P. amarus caused a decrease in sperm motility and count from 65.0±2.50 and 66.7± 1.5 to 52.7± 0.50 and 56.7± 0.80 : to 43.3±1.70 and 48.3±1.70 respectively . These effects were dose- dependent and comparable to the observed effects of Vitamin E (500IU) on sperm parameters of male guinea pigs. These were significant at P < 0.05 (ANOVA). In timedependent study, the observed effect of P. amarus (800mg/kg) and Vitamin E on the values of sperm count and motility at 28 day were almost the same. These values are 56.7± 3.30 and 48.3± 1.70 for vitamin E; 47.5±2.50 and 47.5± 2.50 for P.amarus respectively for sperm motility and count. These effects were time- dependent and statistically significant at P < 0.05 (ANOVA). Finally, the phytochemical screening of the leaves of Phyllanthus amarus revealed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, saponins and cardiac glycosides. This shows that the leaves of P .amarus do not largely contribute direct to the claims on the use of the aerial part of this plant by traditional medicine practitioners to increase/improve libido in men but it may have some indirect beneficial effects on this claim (like antioxidant activity) that mimic Vitamin E in both action and mechanism of action. However, further studies need to be done to investigate the contribution of the seeds of this plant in the improvement of libido in men and to isolate and characterize the active principles in the extracts of this plant. @ JASEM

 
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