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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 15, No. 2, 2011, pp. 307-316
Bioline Code: ja11053
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2011, pp. 307-316

 en Pesticide residues in four rivers running through an intensive agricultural area, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
HELLAR-KIHAMPA, HARIETH

Abstract

Organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues were determined in water and bottom- sediments from four rivers running through sugarcane plantations in Kilimanjaro Tanzania. The aim was to assess the levels of pesticide contamination as the rivers are important sources of domestic water in the area. Water samples were extracted by liquid–liquid extraction method, and ultrasonic-assisted liquid-solid extraction coupled with gel permeation chromatography was employed in sediment preparation, before analysis by GC-ECD and GC-MS. Blank and spiked recovery tests were used to validate the analytical procedure. Data were assessed by using descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis to study correlations between different parameters, evaluate the contamination patterns and describe their spatial and seasonal trends. The percentage recoveries ranged from 75.0 ± 2.4 to 89.8 ± 1.5 in water, and 70.5 ± 1.7 to 86.2 ± 2.3 in sediments, which are within the acceptable ranges. The OCP concentrations ranged from trace (endrin) to 120 ng/l (p,p’-DDD) in water, and from trace (aldrin) to 132 ng/g-dry weight (p,p’-DDD) in sediments, and were higher during the dry season. A notable water contamination that exceeded the European Union maximum acceptable concentration for the protection of human health was detected in river Kikavu.

Keywords
Pesticide residues, Surface water, Sediment, Environmental contamination

 
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