Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
Vol. 15, No. 2, 2011, pp. 351-359
Bioline Code: ja11061
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2011, pp. 351-359
© Copyright 2011 - Journal of Applied Sciences & Environmental Management
Geo-Electric and Hydrogeochemical Mapping of Quaternary Deposits at Orerokpe in the Western Niger Delta|
AWETO, KIZITO & AKPOBORIE, IRWIN A.
Resistivity surveys have been utilized to delineate the sand horizons and possible water bearing zones in the shallow Quaternary deposits that mask the Benin Formation that underlies the Sombreiro-Warri Deltaic Plain at Orerokpe in the western Niger Delta. Fifteen dug wells and shallow boreholes were sampled for water quality analysis. The results show that from the surface to about 70m, there are four layers of water bearing sands that are separated in places by discontinuous clay horizons. Depth to water level ranges from 3.5m to 5.5m. Ground water flow is from northeast to southwest towards the Warri River. Ground water which is used here for domestic purposes without treatment is soft and it is shown that the most important factor contributing to groundwater chemistry is weathering of the aquifer matrix. The order of preponderance of the cations is Na+ > K+ > Ca2+> Mg2+ and HCO3- > SO42-> Cl- for the anions; trends that are not only a departure from normal pristine conditions, but also basically different from those observed in nearby Warri and indicative of possible contamination. The relatively low calcium and magnesium content is identified as a potential health problem if water constitutes the main source of ingestion of these ions. The results reinforce the complex geological nature and geochemical conditions that exist in the Quaternary superficial deposits of the Niger Delta environment.
Quaternary, resistivity, groundwater, Niger Delta