A study on Trichomoniasis was conducted to determine the prevalence, symptoms and factors that promote the transmission of Trichomonas Vaginalis
among women of Ikwuano in Abia State using high vaginal swab and urine samples. A total of 600 women aged between 14-60 years were examined and 112 (18.67%) were infected with Trichomoniasis. The highest prevalence of Trichomonas Vaginalis
infection (20.57%) was observed among the age group of 21-30 years, the least (7.8%) was observed among those of 41-50years while 51-60 age group had no infection at all. Occupational related prevalence revealed that traders had the highest (30%) followed by students (19.78%), civil servants (15.66%) and house wives had the least (8.33%). In relation to marital status, single women had the highest (19.72%). While widows had the least (9.09%). Symptomatic individuals had characteristic symptoms such as itching/rashes (3.83%), Genital sores (2.88%), Hot feeling sensation (4.50%), Greenish yellow discharge (6.00%), while very few had no symptom at all. Lack of hygiene, ignorance, poverty, promiscuity and factors influencing the transmission. Trichomonas vaginalis
is a common sexually transmitted disease among women in Ikwuano Abia State. Proper sex education especially for the adolescent and youths should be intensified so as to ensure a population fully aware of the medical implications of STD and hence reduce the spread and other health complications as a result of the infection.