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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 18, No. 3, 2014, pp. 419-424
Bioline Code: ja14057
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2014, pp. 419-424

 en Essential Oils and Fatty Acids Composition of Dry Fruits of Tetrapleura tetraptera check for this species in other resources
UDOURIOH, GODWIN A. & ETOKUDOH, MARGARET F.

Abstract

The composition of essential oil and fatty acids of dry fruits of Tetrapleura tetraptera check for this species in other resources were analyzed by GC/MS. Forty-four compounds representing 98.5% of the essential oil were characterized. The essential oil was dominated by acetic acid (34.59%), 2-hydroxy-3- butanone (18.25%), butanoic acid (8.35%), 2-methyl butanoic acid (7.58%), 2-methyl butanol (7.45%), butanol (4.30%), 2-methyl butenoic acid (3.65%) and Nerol (3.25%). The fatty acid was dominated by palmitic acid (49.44%), linoleic acid (26.81%), oleic acid (19.72%) and stearic acid (3.20%). The fatty acid was about 54% saturated and 46% unsaturated with omega-6 and omega-3 constituting 27% and omega-9 (20%). The effectiveness of T.tetraptera to the treatment of variety of ailments does not depend largely on the essential oils composition of the plant since the oil is dominated by acetic acid. Any essential oil that is dominated by acid is not a true essential oil.

Keywords
Essential oils; Fatty acids; composition; dry fruits; Tetrapleura tetraptera

 
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