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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 18, No. 3, 2014, pp. 481-484
Bioline Code: ja14064
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2014, pp. 481-484

 en Seasonal variation in plants consumption pattern by foraging Olive Baboons ( Papio anubis check for this species in other resources . Lesson, 1827) inside Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria
ADEOLA, A.J.; APAPA, A.N.; ADEYEMO, A.I.; ALAYE, S.A. & OGUNJOBI, J.A.

Abstract

This study which lasted for eight (8) months in 2011, covering the period of dry and wet seasons examined seasonal plant species consumed by foraging Olive baboon ( Papio anubis check for this species in other resources ) inside Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. Data were collected in the morning between 8.00am - 12.00pm and in the evening between 2.00pm - 6:00pm. Plant species and their parts eaten were monitored and identified through direct observation and faecal analysis. It was observed that seven plants species ( Andropogon gayanus check for this species in other resources , Strychnos spinosa check for this species in other resources , Nuclear latifiora, Vitelaria paradoxa check for this species in other resources , Ficus sycomorus check for this species in other resources , Annona senegalensis check for this species in other resources and Tamarindus indica check for this species in other resources ) were consumed in the wet season with 303 feeding events while ten plants species ( Detarium macrocarpum check for this species in other resources , Gardenia sotoemsis, Parkia biglobosa check for this species in other resources , Piliostigma thonningii check for this species in other resources , Pterocarpus erinaceus check for this species in other resources , Prosopis africana check for this species in other resources , Ficus sycomorus check for this species in other resources , Xamenia americana, Annona senegalensis check for this species in other resources and Vitex doniana) were consumed during the dry season with 315 feeding events. The feeding pattern shows that plants with higher nutritional quality were often consumed. Seasonal variation showed slight disparity in the nutrient composition of the identified plants. It was concluded that seasonal variations do affect the plants consumption pattern of foraging Olive baboon and that exsitu conservation of these plants is imperative for sustainable captive management of Olive baboon.

Keywords
Olive Baboon; feeding ecology; conservation; seasonality

 
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