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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 19, No. 3, 2015, pp. 403-409
Bioline Code: ja15052
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2015, pp. 403-409

 en Fractionation of Pb in Soil of Abandoned Pb Mine by SEM-EDX and XRD
BAPPAH, A.U. & HARUNA, ADAMU

Abstract

Mining activity has been associated with environmental pollution problem all through ages. Rhandirmwyn Pb mine was one of the most important mine site areas in South Wales. At present, the mine waste and adits in the area are regarded as main sources of Pb pollution in the area. Therefore, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (SEM-EDX) were used for the identification of fractional forms of Pb that are liable to leach out/down from the soil matrix of the abandoned mine site to surface-andunderground water bodies of the nearby localities, and to determine its association with soil components using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Among the fractional forms of Pb, Galena, Anglesite, Cerussite, Mimetite and Pyromorphite were identified as the fractions of Pb found in the soils of Nantymwyn (Rhandirmwyn) abandoned mine, of which Anglesite was the most abundant fraction observed. Being the most soluble fraction of Pb among the five Pb minerals observed dissolution of this fraction from the abandoned mine is highly possible and could be a source of contamination of soils and surface-and-ground water sources of localities in the vicinity of the spoil mines. However, results of XRD indicated that the bulk chemistry of the soil samples is dominated by quartz followed by aluminosilicates (comprise of illite and kaolinite and traces of pyrite, albite and orthoclase), all of which could be sink for Pb and could possibly influence the mobility of the metal.

Keywords
Fractionation; mineralogy; Rhandirmwyn mine; environment; pollution

 
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