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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
ISSN: 1119-8362
Vol. 20, No. 2, 2016, pp. 234-238
Bioline Code: ja16028
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2016, pp. 234-238

 en Comparative Study of Coliform Contamination of Public Boreholes and Pipe Borne Water Systems in Bosso Town, North Central, Nigeria.
OYEDUM, U.M.; ADABARA, N.U. & KUTA, F.A.

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the coliform contamination of public boreholes and pipe borne water supplies within Bosso town. Twenty (20) water samples comprising of 10 each of borehole and pipe borne samples were aseptically collected from Bosso Town and analyzed using membrane filtration technique. The results obtained revealed that most (60.0%) of the water samples from the borehole sources except the samples from Rafin-Yashi, Maikunkele, Federal University of Technology (F.U.T) Minna, Tudun Fulani, contained coliform counts within 10cfu/100ml while all (100.0%) of the pipe borne water samples had coliform counts above 10cfu/100ml. The organisms isolated included species of Escherichia check for this species in other resources , Pseudomonas check for this species in other resources , Streptococcus check for this species in other resources , Staphylococcus check for this species in other resources , Salmonella check for this species in other resources , Genus check for this species in other resources , Clostridium check for this species in other resources , Shigella check for this species in other resources , Yersinia check for this species in other resources and Serratia check for this species in other resources . E.coli had the highest frequency of occurrence (20%) followed by Staphylococcus aureus check for this species in other resources (11.7%), Salmonella spp (11.7%), Shigella spp (11.7%), Clostridium spp (8.3), Streptococcus faecalis check for this species in other resources (8.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa check for this species in other resources (6.7%), Bacillus subtilis check for this species in other resources (6.7%), Streptococcus pyrogenes check for this species in other resources (5%), Klebsiella check for this species in other resources spp (3.3%)+, Proteus vulgaris check for this species in other resources (3.3%), Yersinia spp (1.7%) and Serratia spp (1.7%). This study revealed that pipe borne water and borehole water samples were contaminated in Bosso, with greater contamination observed with pipe borne water. This highlights the need for continuous assessment of the quality of public water supply and intervention measures to prevent outbreak of water-borne diseases in the area.

Keywords
Water; Boreholes; Pipe borne; Coliforms; Water-borne disease

 
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