Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
World Bank assisted National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) - University of Port Harcourt
Vol. 24, No. 8, 2020, pp. 1341-1350
Bioline Code: ja20195
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, Vol. 24, No. 8, 2020, pp. 1341-1350
© Copyright 2020 - Adeyolanu et al.
Quality Assessment and Suitability Evaluation of Soils under Tuber-based Cropping System in Katsina Ala Local Government Area, Benue State, Nigeria|
ADEYOLANU, OD; OLUWATOSIN, GA; DENTON, AO; ADELANA, AO; ARE, KS & ADEDIRAN, JA
Crop yields together with economic and social benefits of farming depend in part on land
management and soil quality. Soil management and cropping systems have long-term effects on agronomic and environmental functions. This study aimed at assessing soils under yam-based cropping systems for quality and suitability so as to enhance sustainable production. The study was carried out in Katsina Ala local government area of Benue state where yam is a major crop. Sixteen modal profile were dug, described for characterization and suitability evaluation. Ten cluster locations were selected and twenty soil samples randomly collected within each cluster. The soils were subjected to laboratory analyses and results subjected descriptive statistics. Suitability of the soils for yam, citrus and groundnut were evaluated using parametric approach and soil quality of the area was assessed using Relative Soil Quality Indices (RSQI). The soils encountered are sandy to silty in nature with some having plinthite at depth. The soils, classified as Alfisol, Entisol and Inceptisol are moderately (S2) to highly suitable S1) for the three crops and have moderate to high quality for crop production with percentage soil quality index ranging from 60. 37 to 74.31 %. Soils of the study site are of good quality and are suitable for production of yam, citrus and groundnut. However, because yam is a great feeder and tropical soils are fragile making them prone to degradation, there is need for maintenance of soil fertility through organic matter management for sustainable use.
soil quality; suitability; yam; cropping systems; soil management