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Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research
College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin
ISSN: 1596-6941
Vol. 7, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 37-44
Bioline Code: jm08006
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research, Vol. 7, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 37-44

 en Bacterial isolates of Tonsillitis and Pharyngitis in a Paediatric Casualty Setting
Sadoh, Wilson E.; Sadoh, Ayebo E.; Oladipo, Adegbenro O. & Okunola, Olusola O.

Abstract

A prospective study was carried out to determine the pattern of bacterial isolates and their antibiotic sensitivity amongst children with tonsillopharyngitis. Consecutive children presenting with sorethroat, difficulty with swallowing, fever and/ or evidence of inflamed pharynx and/ or tonsils at the paediatric casualty of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, between February and October 2006 were recruited for the study. The patient's biodata were obtained and socioeconomic status was determined. Throat swabs were taken for microbiologic analysis. Seventy three throat swabs were analysed. Bacteria were isolated from 39 patients. Of which 19 (48.72%) were ß haemolytic Streptococcus check for this species in other resources (BHS). others were S. aureus five (12.83%), seven (17.95%) were Klebsiella mirabilis check for this species in other resources and three (7.69%) each of Pseudomonas aeroginosa check for this species in other resources and Proteus mirabilis check for this species in other resources . BHS and S. aureus showed 100% sensitivity to cefuroxine, azithromycin, ceftazidine and genticin. All the isolates had little or no sensitivity to ampicillin and cotrimoxazole. BHS is a significant cause of pharyngitis and tonsillitis in our environment and therefore poses a potential danger of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, a non-suppurative sequalae of BHS. Ampicillin and cotrimoxazole two affordable and commonly available drugs are ineffective in tonsillitis and pharygitis.

Keywords
Tonsillitis, pharyngitis, streptococcus

 
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