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Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Medknow Publications and Staff Society of Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
ISSN: 0022-3859
EISSN: 0972-2823
Vol. 53, No. 2, 2007, pp. 92-95
Bioline Code: jp07036
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, Vol. 53, No. 2, 2007, pp. 92-95

 en Outcomes of renal transplantation in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy in India
Chacko, B; George, JT; Neelakantan, N; Korula, A & Chakko, JK

Abstract

Background: There is a paucity of data on the course of renal transplant in patients with immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN) from India. While the natural history of IgAN in the Indian context is rapidly progressive, the post-transplant course remains speculative.
Aim: To study the graft survival in renal transplant recipients whose native kidney disease was IgAN and the incidence and correlates of recurrent disease.
Settings and Designs: Retrospective case control study from a Nephrology unit of a large tertiary care center.
Materials and Methods: The outcomes of 56 transplant patients (58 grafts) with biopsy-proven IgAN and of 116 patients without IgAN or diabetic nephropathy, transplanted during the same period were analyzed. Correlates of biopsy-confirmed recurrent disease were determined.
Statistical Analysis: Means were analyzed by Student′s t test and Mann-Whitney test; proportions were determined by Chi-square analysis and graft survival curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier.
Results: Five-year graft survival for IgA patients was not significantly different from that in the reference group (90% and 79%, P = 0.6). During a mean follow-up of 42 months (range, 1-144), 28 event graft biopsies were required in 20 grafts of IgAN. Histological recurrence was diagnosed in five of the 20 available biopsies (25%) after a mean duration of 28 months. Recurrence did not correlate with donor status, HLA B35 and A2, recipient age, gender or immunosuppression.
Conclusions: Renal transplantation is an appropriate treatment modality for IgA nephropathy patients with end-stage renal disease in India, despite the potential for recurrent disease. The posttransplant course is an indolent one when compared to the malignant pretransplant phase.

Keywords
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy, India, outcomes, renal, transplant

 
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