Post-Circumcision Urethro-Cutaneous Fistula: The Key to Successful Reconstruction.|
C.A. Mkony, M. Aboud
Routine circumcision of boys is a common practice in Tanzania. Because sometimes it is performed by persons with no surgical training, complications, including urethro-cutaneous fistula (UCF), are not uncommon.
Five boys whose ages ranged between 4 and 12 years with UCF were seen at four Dar es Salaam hospitals between 2002 and 2005. Personal particulars, the personnel doing the circumcision, description of the repair and follow up were recorded on a data sheet. Intravenous Augmentin was given at induction of anaesthesia for the fistula repair. A urethral catheter was inserted, and then a tourniquet was applied at the base of the penis. After incision and development of skin flaps the urethra was closed, a layer of dartos fascia interposed, followed by closure of the skin, all with 6/0 Vicryl. A compression dressing was applied, and the catheter was left in for 5-7 days.
The boys ranged in age between 5 and 12 years, and had undergone circumcision at age 2 to 12 years. All patients were circumcised by paramedical personnel or a traditional practitioner. Urine leakage commenced 2 days to 2 weeks after circumcision. Four boys had coronal while one had a glandular UCF. No post repair complication was reported after follow up of 3 to 20 weeks.
Use of fine synthetic absorbable sutures and careful closure of the fistula with interposition of a pedicles dartos graft, are the main prerequisites for success. Attention to details of surgical technique can produce consistently good results in repair of UCF.