East and Central African Journal of Surgery
Association of Surgeons of East Africa and College of Surgeons of East Central and Southern Africa
Vol. 17, No. 2, 2012, pp. 65-69
Bioline Code: js12037
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
East and Central African Journal of Surgery, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2012, pp. 65-69
© Copyright 2012 - East and Central African Journal of Surgery
Malignant Diseases of the Stomach in Ibadan, Nigeria: A 19-year appraisal|
Irabor, D.O. & Afuwape, O.O.
Background: Malignant lesions of the stomach have a wide geographical variation in prevalence.
This study was aimed at determining the pattern of gastric malignancies in Nigeria, a developing
country like and compares this to what obtains in the developed countries.
Methods: a retrospective study utilizing case-files, histopathology reports and cancer registry data
of patients who have been operated on for a pre-operative diagnosis of carcinoma of the stomach in
the University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria from 1990 to 2008; a period of 19 years.
Results: There were 286 patients with a male to female ratio of 1.4: 1. The age range was 24 to 99
years with an average age of 55.35 years. The yearly average was approximately 15 patients
annually. There were 18% of the total who were 40 years and below. Majority of the cases were
adenocarcinoma (89%) with a few other cases of Carcinoid tumour, Squamous cell carcinoma,
Leiomyosarcoma, lymphomas and Gastrointestinal Stromal tumour (GIST).
Conclusions: Incidence rates of malignant disease of the stomach in Nigeria affect the 50-70 years
age-group, have a slight male predominance and do not seem to be increasing or decreasing. There
seems to be no role at present for Helicobacter pylori in the aetiology of gastric carcinoma in