Musculoskeletal injuries: A cross-sectional study in Irrua, Nigeria|
Edomwonyi, Edwin O. & Enoma, Osasuyi
Background: Injury is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among people of various
age groups globally. Its economic impact on victims and family is tremendous. Strengthening
of legislation and enforcement of extant rules and regulations on prevention and treatment
are crucial. The aim of this study as to determine the pattern of musculoskeletal injuries
among patients as they present at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital (ISTH), Irrua, Edo State
Methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional study of consecutive patients who presented at
the accident and emergency department of ISTH with musculoskeletal injury, severe enough
to require inpatient care for at least 24 hours, from January 1, 2014-December 31, 2014.
Results: One hundred fifty-one patients were recruited. Median age was 35.6 years. Age
range was 4 to 99 years. The majority of participants (72.9%) fell within the 20-to 50-year
age group. Road traffic collision was the leading cause of injury (121 patients; 80%), and
67.8% of these injuries were motorcycle-related. Passengers constituted 48.8% of victims.
Twenty-six (17.2%) patients had only soft tissue injuries while 125 (82.8%) had both bony
and soft tissue injuries. The lower limb was the most frequently injured body part. The tibia
and femur were the most frequently injured bones.
Conclusions: Injury is a leading cause of morbidity in Irrua. Road traffic collisions were the
leading cause, occurring among the economically viable age groups, thereby imposing
severe social pressures on the victims, their families, as well as the health system.
Enforcement of extant traffic rules and strengthening of trauma prevention and trauma
service delivery systems is advised.
injuries; musculoskeletal; Irrua; Nigeria