About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News

East African Journal of Public Health
East African Public Health Association
ISSN: 0856-8960
Vol. 5, No. 3, 2008, pp. 169-173
Bioline Code: lp08032
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

East African Journal of Public Health, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2008, pp. 169-173

 en Opportunistic and Other Intestinal Parasitic Infections in Aids Patients, HIV Seropositive Healthy Carriers and HIV Seronegative Individuals in Southwest Ethiopia
Mariam, Zelalem T.; Abebe, Gemeda & Mulu, Andargachew


Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and major causes of morbidity and mortality of such patients are opportunistic infections caused by viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic pathogens.
Objectives: To determine the magnitude of opportunistic and non-opportunistic intestinal parasitic infections among AIDS patients and HIV positive carrier individuals Method: Cross-sectional study was conducted among AIDS patients, HIV positive healthy carriers and HIV negative individuals in Jimma University Hospital, Mother Theresa Missionary Charity Centre, Medan Acts Projects and Mekdim HIV positive persons and AIDS orphans' national association from January to May, 2004. Convenient sampling technique was employed to identify the study subjects and hence a total of 160 subjects were included. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data of the patients. Stool samples were examined by direct saline, iodine wet mount, formol-ether sedimentation concentration, oocyst concentration and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique.
Results: Out of 160 persons enrolled in this study 100(62.5%) (i.e. 65 male and 35 female) were infected with one or more intestinal parasites. The highest rate 36(69.2%) of intestinal parasites were observed among HIV/AIDS patients, followed by HIV positive healthy carriers 35 (61.4%) of and HIV negative individuals (29(56.9%). Isospora belli check for this species in other resources 2(3.9%), Cryptosporidum parvum check for this species in other resources 8(15.4%), Strongyloides stercoralis check for this species in other resources 6(11.5%) and Blastocystis check for this species in other resources 2(3.9%) were found only in HIV/AIDS groups
Conclusion: I. belli, C. parvum, S. stercoralis and Blastocystis are the major opportunistic intestinal parasites observed in HIV/AIDS patients. Therefore, early detection and treatment of these parasites are important to improve the quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients with diarrhoea.

HIV/AIDS patients, HIV positive healthy carriers, HIV negative individuals

© Copyright 2008 - East African Journal of Public Heath

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2024, Site last up-dated on 01-Sep-2022.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Google Cloud Platform, GCP, Brazil