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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 9, No. 2, 2006, pp. 119-124
Bioline Code: md06020
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2006, pp. 119-124

 en Evaluation of anti-inflammatory and membrane stabilizing property of aqueous leaf extract of Momordica charantia check for this species in other resources in rats
Umukoro S and AshorobiRB

Abstract

This study reports the anti-inflammatory and membrane-stabilizing property of an aqueous extract of Momordica charantia check for this species in other resources (MC) leaves in rats. The carregeenin-induced rat paw oedema was utilized as the model for acute inflammation, whilst formaldedyde-induced rat paw oedema was used as the model for sub-chronic inflammatory states. The probable mode by which MC mediates its effects on inflammatory conditions was studied on rat blood cells (RBC) exposed to hypotonic solution. The results of the study revealed that the extract possesses anti-inflammatory property. MC was found to significantly (p < 0.05) reduced the oedema swellings induced by the phlogistic agents in rats in a dose-related manner. However, the extract did not exhibit membrane-stabilizing property, as it failed to significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the levels of haemolysis of RBC exposed to hypotonic solution. The acute toxicity studies of oral doses of aqueous extract of Momordica charantia leaf in mice revealed that it has a high safety profile, as the extract was well tolerated by the animals. The results of the study suggest that the anti-inflammatory activity demonstrated by Momordica charantia leaf may not be related to membrane-stabilization.

Keywords
Momordica charantia, anti-inflammatory, membrane-stabilizing property

 
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