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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 9, No. 3, 2006, pp. 149-156
Bioline Code: md06026
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2006, pp. 149-156

 en Prevalence and Pattern of Back Pain among Pregnant Women Attending Ante-Natal Clinics in Selected Health Care Facilities
Ayanniyi, O.; Sanya, A.O.; Ogunlade, S.O. & Oni-Orisan, M.O.


Back pain is (BP) is recognized as an important problem in pregnancy. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence and pattern of back pain (BP) in pregnancy. A survey of 2,187 pregnant women attending ante-natal clinics in selected Medical facilities in Ibadan and Ogbomoso, Nigeria was carried out using pre-tested close-ended questionnaire. Information on prevalence, pattern and characteristics of back pain in pregnancy were obtained. Data obtained was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics of mean, standard deviation, and inferential statistics of independent t-tests and chi-square tests. One thousand and eight (52.5%) of the 1919 included subjects had back pain in pregnancy. The mean age of those with and without back pain was 26.8 ± 5.3 and 27.1 ± 5.4 years respectively. Mean number of pregnancy was higher in subjects with back pain than those without back pain. The pain site among the 1008 subjects with back pain was low back in 669 subjects (66.4%), posterior pelvic in 242 subjects (24.0%) and high back in 97 subjects (9.6%). Among the subjects with back pain, 315 (31.3%) and 53 (5.3%) were in their first and sixth pregnancies respectively. Postural modification relieved the back pain in about 50% of the subjects across the three back pain groups during pregnancy. It was concluded that back pain is a common and real complaint in pregnancy. It is therefore recommended that rather than dismiss it as trivial, back pain in pregnancy should be attended to as part of ante-natal care.

Back pain; Pattern; Pregnancy

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