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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2008, pp. 209-213
Bioline Code: md08028
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2008, pp. 209-213

 en Environmental Bacteria Associated With an Institutional Rabbit House
Makinde, G.E.O.; Sansi, J.A.A. & Ajuwape, A.T.P.

Abstract

A bacteriological investigation of microorganisms of public health importance associated with rabbit houses was undertaken to determine the occurrence of bacteria in rabbit house in Ibadan. A total of 144 swab samples were collected from which 160 bacterial isolates were recovered. E. coli, (20%) showed the highest occurrence, followed in descending order by Staphylococcus aureus check for this species in other resources (12.5%), Proteus vulgaris check for this species in other resources (12.5%), Bacillus cereus check for this species in other resources (12.5%), Bacillus subtilis check for this species in other resources (10%), Streptococcus faecalis check for this species in other resources (10%), Bacillus firmus check for this species in other resources (7.5%), Proteus morganii check for this species in other resources (5%), Pseudomonas aureginosa check for this species in other resources (I2.5%), Streptococcus pyogenes check for this species in other resources (2.5%), Micrococcus check for this species in other resources species (2.5%)and Klebsiella check for this species in other resources species(2.5%). All the 20 (12.5%) staphylococcal isolates were coagulase-positive using tube coagulase test with human plasma. Similar strains of bacteria encountered in this investigation have been incriminated in disease outbreaks in rabbits with losses in terms of meat meant for human consumption and are therefore of public health importance. There is the need for regular microbiological surveillance to protect our growing rabbitaries and the rabbit models in biomedical research since these latent organisms may produce clinical conditions when the rabbits are exposed to stress conditions. Above all the importance of good hygiene and management in rabbitaries cannot be overemphasized to prevent avoidable outbreaks.

Keywords
Rabbit house, bacteria, Ibadan, Nigeria

 
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