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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 13, No. 2, 2010, pp. 157-160
Bioline Code: md10026
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2010, pp. 157-160

 en Autogenous Corticocancellous Iliac Bone Graft in Reconstruction of Mandibular Defect: Point of Technique
Ogunlade, S. O; Arotiba, J. T. & Fasola, A. O.


Mandible resection and subsequent defect created lead to aesthetic and functional abnormalities. The surgical reconstruction of the defect is a major challenge in maxillofacial surgery. Lack of appropriate facilities and the high cost of newer modalities made the use of non-vascularized iliac bone graft in reconstruction of mandibular defect an attractive option in our environment. The technique of harvesting iliac crest graft is highlighted in this prospective study involving 37 iliac crest grafts for mandibular defect reconstruction between 1999 and 2006. Ameloblastoma was the most common indication for mandibular resection in 27 patients (73 percent), while 24 patients (64.9 percent) had hemimandibulectomy which is the most common type of mandibulectomy. A graft take rate of 91.1percent was achieved in this study. Graft site infection was the most complication with overall incidence of 27.0 percent. Most of the infections were superficial and responded to antibiotic use and local wound care. Donor site complications were few in the study. We recommend the use of autogenous iliac bone graft for reconstruction of mandibular bone defect in our environment

Mandible resection, iliac bone graft,

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