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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 14, No. 1, 2011, pp. 35-42
Bioline Code: md11006
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2011, pp. 35-42

 en Effect of Temperature on the Oviposition Capacity of Engorged Adult Females and Hatchability of Eggs of Dog Ticks: Rhipicephalus sanguineus check for this species in other resources and Heamaphysalis leachi check for this species in other resources leachi (Acari: Ixodidae)
Adejinmi, J.O. & Akinboade, O.A.

Abstract

Effects of temperature on the oviposition capacity of engorged adult females of Rhipicephalus sanguineus check for this species in other resources and Heamaphysalis leachi check for this species in other resources leachi and on the hatching pattern of their eggs were investigated under laboratory conditions. The temperatures of maintenance were 15°C, 20°C, 25°C, 30°C and 37°C at 85% relative humidity (R.H). The pre-oviposition periods of engorged adult females of R.sanguineus and H. leachi leachi increased as the incubation temperature became low from 30°C to 15°C. There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) in the pre-oviposition periods of R. sanguineus and H. leachi leachi at all the maintenance temperatures. The number of eggs oviposited by adult females of R.sanguineus and H. leachi leachi decreased as the incubation temperature dropped from 30°C to 15°C. The mean numbers of eggs produced respectively by 0.06g and 0.12g R. sanguineus female ticks at 37°C were 278.00 + 3.46 and 955.33 + 4.90 while no egg was laid by the same weights of female H. leachi leachi at the same temperature. The eggs of both species did not hatch at 150C. At 370C the eclosion period of R. sanguineus was 17 days while the eggs of H. leachi leachi did not hatch. The mortality rates of eggs of H. leachi leachi, (56.2, 16.8 and 16.6%) were higher than those of R. sanguineus, (17.6, 10.3 and 10.2%) at 20°C, 25°C and 30°C respectively. It is concluded that R.sanguineus has greater resistance to the deleterious effect of extreme temperatures than H. leachi leachi

Keywords
Dog tick, temperature, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Heamaphysalis leachi leachi, oviposition, hatchability

 
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