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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 15, No. 3, 2012, pp. 145-148
Bioline Code: md12023
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2012, pp. 145-148

 en Toxoplasma gondii check for this species in other resources Infection in Free-Range Chicken: Mini-Review and Seroprevalence Study in Oyo State, Nigeria
Ayinmode, A.B & Dubey, J.P

Abstract

Free-range chickens are sentinels for the presence of Toxoplasma gondii check for this species in other resources oocysts in the environment because they feed from ground. T. gondii infected chickens are also an important source of infection for cats that shed environmentally resistant oocysts after eating infected chicken tissues. We surveyed 50 free-range chickens from Oyo State, Nigeria for the presence of T. gondii antibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT). All chickens tested seropositive with MAT titers of 1:5 in 8 chickens, 1: 1:25 in 9 chickens, 1:100 in 19 chickens, and 1:500 in 14 chickens. Thus, even at a very conservative cut-off titer of 1:100, antibodies were found in 33 of 50 chickens, indicating a high prevalence of T. gondii in chickens.

Keywords
Toxoplasma gondii; Free-range chicken; Nigeria

 
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